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Zaha Hadid





(Arabic: زها حديد‎), CBE (born 31 October 1950)

is a British Iraqi deconstructivist architect.


Biography

Zaha Hadid was born in 1950 in Baghdad, Iraq. She received a degree in mathematics from the American University of Beirut before moving to study at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London. After graduating she worked with her former teachers, Rem Koolhaas and Elia Zenghelis at the Office for Metropolitan Architecture, becoming a partner in 1977. It was with Koolhaas that she met the engineer Peter Rice who gave her support and encouragement early on, at a time when her work seemed difficult to build. In 1980 she established her own London-based practice. During the 1980s she also taught at the Architectural Association. She has also taught at prestigious institutions around the world; she held the Kenzo Tange Chair at the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, the Sullivan Chair at the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Architecture, guest professorships at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in Hamburg, the Knowlton School of Architecture, at The Ohio State University, the Masters Studio at Columbia University, New York and the Eero Saarinen Visiting Professor of Architectural Design at the Yale School of Architecture, New Haven, Connecticut. In addition, she was made Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and an Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Architects.[1] She has been on the Board of Trustees of The Architecture Foundation. She is currently Professor at the University of Applied Arts Vienna in Austria.

A winner of many international competitions, theoretically influential and groundbreaking, a number of Hadid's winning designs were initially never built: notably, The Peak Club in Hong Kong (1983) and the Cardiff Bay Opera House in Wales (1994). In 2002 Hadid won the international design competition to design Singapore's one-north masterplan. In 2005, her design won the competition for the new city casino of Basel, Switzerland. In 2004 Hadid became the first female recipient of the Pritzker Architecture Prize, architecture's equivalent of the Nobel Prize. Previously, she had been awarded an CBE for services to architecture. She is a member of the editorial board of the Encyclopædia Britannica. In 2006, Hadid was honored with a retrospective spanning her entire work at the Guggenheim Museum in New York. In that year she also received an Honorary Degree from the American University of Beirut.

Zaha Hadid's architectural design firm - Zaha Hadid Architects - is over 250 people strong, headquartered in London.

In 2008, she ranked 69th on the Forbes list of "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women".[2] On 2 January 2009, she was the guest editor of the BBC's flagship morning radio news programme, Today.[3]

Hadid is the designer of the Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park in Seoul, South Korea, which is expected to be the centerpiece of the festivities for the city's designation as World Design Capital 2010. The complex is scheduled to be completed in 2011.

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Non-architectural work

She has also undertaken some high-profile interior work, including the Mind Zone and Feet zone at the Millennium Dome in London and the Z.CAR hydrogen-powered, three-wheeled automobile. In 2009, she worked with the clothing brand Lacoste, to create a new, high fashion, and advanced boot.[4]

In 2007, Zaha Hadid designed the Moon System Sofa for leading Italian furniture manufacturer B&B Italia.[5]

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Architectural work

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Conceptual projects

  1. Price Tower extension hybrid project (2002), Bartlesville, Oklahoma - pending

  2. Guggenheim-Hermitage Vilnius, Vilnius, Lithuania, (2008-) - not realized

  3. Kartal-Pendik Waterfront Regeneration, Istanbul, Turkey

  4. Szervita square bubble office building Budapest, Hungary - not realized

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Completed projects

  1. Vitra Fire Station (1994), Weil am Rhein, Germany

  2. Hoenheim-North Terminus & Car Park (2001), Hoenheim, France

  3. Bergisel Ski Jump (2002), Innsbruck, Austria

  4. Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art (2003), Cincinnati, Ohio

  5. BMW Central Building (2005), Leipzig, Germany

  6. Ordrupgaard annexe (2005), Copenhagen, Denmark

  7. Phaeno Science Center (2005), Wolfsburg, Germany

  8. Maggie's Centres at the Victoria Hospital (2006), Kirkcaldy, Scotland

  9. Tondonia Winery Pavilion (2001–2006)[6], Haro, Spain

  10. Eleftheria square, redesign (2007), Cyprus

  11. Hungerburgbahn new stations (2007), Innsbruck, Austria

  12. Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion (Worldwide) Tokyo, Hong Kong, New York, London, Paris, Moscow, (2006–2008)

  13. Bridge Pavilion (2008), Zaragoza, Spain

  14. J. S. Bach Pavilion, Manchester International Festival (2009), Manchester, UK

  15. CMA CGM Tower, Marseille, France, (2007–2009)

  16. Pierres vives, Montpellier, France, (2002–2012)

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Ongoing and future projects

  1. MAXXI - National Museum of the 21st Century Arts in Rome. (1998-2010)[7]

  2. Napoli Afragola railway station, Italy (completion delayed to 2011)[8]

  3. Nuragic and Contemporary art museum (2006) (under construction), Cagliari, Italy

  4. Riverside Museum (2007–2011) (projected) development of Glasgow Transport Museum, Scotland

  5. Eli and Edythe Broad Museum, Michigan State University, (2008-12)[9]

  6. Mandarin Oriental Dellis Cay, Villa D (2012) (private home under construction), Dellis Cay, Turks & Caicos Islands

  7. London Aquatics Centre, London, UK, (2008–2013), a 17,500-seat venue for the 2012 Summer Olympics.

  8. Heydar Aliyev Cultural Centre in Baku, Azerbaijan.[10]

  9. Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park in Seoul, South Korea.[11]


Other work includes the new departmental records building, Pierres vives, for Hérault in Montpellier.[12] Zaha Hadid's project was named as the best for the Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum in 2008. She designed the Innovation Tower for Hong Kong Polytechnic University, scheduled for completion in 2011, and the Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion that was displayed in Hong Kong in 2008.[13][14][15] She has been commissioned to design new buildings for Evelyn Grace Academy, Brixton.[16]

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Exhibitions

  1. 2007 - (29 June - 25 November) - Design Museum, London

  2. 2006 - (1 June - 29 July) – Ma10 Mx Protetch Gallery, Chelsea, NYC

  3. 2006 - (3 June - 25 October) – Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

  4. 2003 - (4 May - 17 August) - MAK - Museum für angewandte Kunst or Museum of Applied Arts (Vienna)

  5. 2002 - (10 May-11 August) Centro nazionale per le arti contemporanee, Rome[17]

  6. 2001 - Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg

  7. 2000 - British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale

  8. 1997 - San Francisco MoMA

  9. 1995 - Graduate School of Design at Harvard University

  10. 1988 - Deconstructivist Architecture show at MoMA, New York

  11. 1985 - GA Gallery, Tokyo

  12. 1983 - Retrospective at the Architectural Association, London

  13. 1978 - Guggenheim Museum, New York

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Films and Videos

  1. A Day with Zaha Hadid 2004, 52 minutes, colour. New York: Michael Blackwood Productions.

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Awards

  1. 2001: Equerre d'argent Prize, special mention

  2. 2003: European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture

  3. 2004: Pritzker Prize

  4. 2007: Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture

  5. 2009: Praemium Imperiale

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Further reading

  1. Higgins, Charlotte (2009-07-01). "Zaha Hadid's Bach salon". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-07-04.

  2. Morrison, Richard (2007-06-27). "For ever thinking outside the boxy". London: The Times. Retrieved 2007-09-22.

  3. Seabrook, John. “The Abstractionist - Zaha Hadid‘s Unfettered Invention”. The New Yorker, 21st and 28th December 2009. Pages 112 to 124.

  4. Sulaiman, Tosin (2005-12-01). "Architect who has built a reputation for controversy". London: The Times. Retrieved 2007-09-22.

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References

  1. 1.^ AIA. "Convention 2008". AIA. pp. 14. Retrieved 2009-05-05.

  2. 2.^ Forbes: The World's 100 Most Powerful Women

  3. 3.^ "Guest editor: Zaha Hadid". BBC. 2008-12-27. Retrieved 2009-01-17.

  4. 4.^ Lacoste

  5. 5.^ www.bebitalia.it

  6. 6.^ "Tondonia Winery Pavillion / Zaha Hadid". archdaily. 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2009-08-07.

  7. 7.^ "Maxxi_Museo Nazionale Delle Arti Del Xxi Secolo". Darc.beniculturali.it. Retrieved 2009-01-17.

  8. 8.^ Afragola station delayed. Today's Railways Europe. December 2008. p. 52.

  9. 9.^ Michigan State University: World-class building under way with Broad Art Museum groundbreaking, retrieved 3 April 2010

  10. 10.^ "Photo from Reuters Pictures". Reuters Daylife. Retrieved 2009-01-17.

  11. 11.^ http://wdc2010.seoul.go.kr/eng/with/busi_ddp.jsp

  12. 12.^ "Pierres vive" (in French). Retrieved 2009-03-11.

  13. 13.^ Bonnie Chen In the frame May 25, 2009 The Standard

  14. 14.^ PolyU appoints Ms Zaha Hadid as Architect of Innovation Tower December 12, 2007 Hong Kong Polytechnic University

  15. 15.^ Hadid goes back to Hong Kong Zaha Hadid's Innovation Tower in Hong Kong Friday 14 Dec 2007 World Architecture News.com

  16. 16.^ Evelyn Grace Academy: Buildings & facilities

  17. 17.^ "D A R C - Zaha Hadid". Darc.beniculturali.it. Retrieved 2009-01-17.

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External links


Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Zaha Hadid

  1. www.zaha-hadid.com - Official site

  2. Zaha Hadid Zaha Hadid Buildings on e-architect

  3. Official Zaha Hadid Blog for the Design Museum exhibition

  4. Zaha Hadid at nou-sera.com

  5. Mandarin Oriental Dellis Cay, Villa D

  6. Online profile of Zaha Hadid Architects, UK

  7. 'I don't do nice' guardian.co.uk - discusses her first UK building (Maggie's Cancer Care Centre), October 9, 2006

  8. Zaha's World: What does it mean to be a 'visionary' architect? - Critical Slate.com assessment of Zaha's career - June 2006

  9. Zaha Hadid: A Diva for the Digital Age nytimes.com - exhibition at Guggenheim Museum in New York 2 June 2006

  10. Zaha Hadid's profile on designboom.com

  11. NY Times Slideshow of Zaha Hadid's works

  12. Terminal Hoenheim Nord

  13. London 2012 Aquatics Centre By Zaha Hadid

  14. Manchester International Festival: JS Bach / Zaha Hadid Architects

  15. Zaha Hadid Architects :: Seoul Collection Tea Service